How Many Groups Are In The World Cup 2022 Japanese Gambaru – Literal Meaning and Cultural Impact

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Japanese Gambaru – Literal Meaning and Cultural Impact

The word Gambling in Japanese means do your best and keep going until the bitter end. This means that gambaru students study hard to pass exams, gambaru athletes practice hard to win games, and gambaru company employees work hard to increase sales. It also means working hard or patiently, insisting on getting your way, and occupying one place and never leaving, as in relation to working in a job or place of employment. Gambaru is also rooted in the following proverb, “The monk who does not work should not eat.”

There is an essential form of “gambaru, which is Gambare or Gambette. The essential term indicates high achievement, motivation, and orientation to group harmony. The term is also used among members to encourage others in a group activity.

Japanese people use the term gambare quite often and for different reasons. They usually use the term at least once a day when saying goodbye and also at the end of a letter. The Japanese also use this expression to encourage each other with the implication of “Keep up your hard work until you reach your goal.”

The term is also used in many situations as a form of expression. The Japanese can use the phrase in the initial state of a project. For example:

a) After the earthquake in Kobe, Japan, the slogan Gambare Kobe was used to encourage the people of Kobe to rebuild their city and rebuild their lives.

b) Japanese people also use the phrase among group members to encourage each other in cooperative activities. For example, during track and field days at school, children can be heard shouting “gambare” or “gambatte” to encourage their friends in the race.

c) Japanese people also use the phrase as spectators to cheer on their team. For example, in the 1998 World Cup soccer match held in France, Japanese spectators cheered the slogan Gambare Nippon! During the championship, the slogan was used on television programs and advertisements every day.

The literal meaning of gambaru is “to stick to something with tenacity.” It is a very popular term used when encouraging someone to complete a very difficult task. Additional meanings are: Hang in there, Don’t give up, Do your best, a Give it your all! The term also means to work hard and be patient. In addition, it encourages enthusiasm and hard work from others.

Gamburu also has some additional meaning, some of which could be considered negative connotations. Based on the denotation form of the word, it also means “to insist on having your ways,” and “to occupy one place and never leave.” Additionally, the word is derived from ga-o-haru, which means “to be self-willed.” Originally, this expression had a negative connotation of asserting oneself against group decisions and norms.

One may ask whether other languages ​​have the same thing as gambari. According to Amanuma (1987, pp. 51-53), gambari, derived from gambaru, has no exact equivalent in non-Japanese languages. In addition, Amanuma says, “Although Chinese and Korean have the characters that make up gambaru (gambari is derived from gambaru), they do not have expressions that have the same tone. This suggests that gambaru is an expression which is unique to Japan and expresses the specific qualities of the Japanese character.

There are various proverbs that may show a difference between Japanese culture and American culture as it relates to the virtues of Gambaru. One proverb based on Japanese culture says, “The monk who does not work should not eat.” This speaks to the fact that one must work and by working one can live. The Japanese did not take into account play or free time in this proverb, unlike America in the following proverb.

Otherwise, an American proverb says, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” This implies that one does not have to work but rest and play. It places play and work in the same category, and on the same level that corresponds to virtue. The history of the play in this proverb gives the Japanese a sense of uneasiness about the qualities of Gambaru in American terms.

© Joseph S. Spence, Sr., 8/16/09

© All Rights Reserved

Submitted by “Epulaeryu Master.”

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